The red grape variety named ‘Teroldego’ is an autochthonous variety of Trentino: its cultivation has been recorded there since the Middle Ages. Indeed, we have many documents dating back to the 13th century suggesting the cultivation of this varietal since immemorial time.
The name Teroldego’ is wrapped in the charm of legends. Probably the name is linked to the dialect of the Trentino people, to the phonetic ease of its pronunciation or, more simply, to local habits. Terodego’ but also ‘Tiroldegho’, ‘Tiraldega’, Tiroldela’ and Tiroldigo’ is a word that contains the German sounding word ‘Gold’ (gold) as well as the root ‘Tirol’. This wine is the symbol of the cultural identity of an area that for centuries represented the geopolitical border between Tyrol and the southern domains in Italy.
Molecular studies and descriptions suggest that Teroldego is linked as an ancestor to the black grape varieties of the same region (e.g. Marzemino and Lagrein) or of nearby places (Refosco dal peduncolo rosso).
Significant studies on its origins demonstrate that Teroldego has also a 3rd degree relationship with two of the noblest varieties in the world, Pinot and Syrah.
Teroldego was the first to receive, back in 1971, the DOC (in Italian “denominazione di origine controllata”), the controlled designation of origin, making it the gem of the entire local wine producing sector.
The production area is concentrated in the municipalities of the so-called ‘Campo Rotaliano’ – located between the villages of Grumo San Michele all’Adige, Mezzocorona and Mezzolombardo, all the way north to Roveré della Luna.
The plant has strong vegetative power, and it is a fascinating vine. It has stark originality with grape clusters that preserve the evolution of its biodiversity.
The minerality of the local soils and climate interact beautifully, creating a decisively charming habitat that defines the Teroldego style.
The first bottle of Teroldego Rotaliano DOC was produced by Mezzacorona in 1971. This is still kept in our Cellar. Mezzacorona Winery is situated right in the middle of the beautifully cultivated Piana Rotaliana. It is worth noting that this area was defined by a famous geographer, Cesare Battisti, and by the German writer Goethe “one of Europe’s most beautiful gardens under vine”.Mezzacorona – with over a century long history of winemaking – can be considered the Italian leading producer of Teroldego.
All Mezzacorona vines are cultivated with certified sustainable practices and certifications, in full respect of the environment from vineyards cultivation to wine bottling. At Mezzacorona the generous grapes of Teroldego are trimmed on the edge a few days before harvesting, so all aromas concentrate in the main body to produce balanced juicy fruits.
Hand harvest and selection further guarantee that only the best fruits are carried to the Winery to produce the wine.At Mezzacorona each vineyard is mapped by our agronomists in order to provide the latest information to each vintner virtually in real time.
Piana Rotaliana is considered the “homeland” of the Teroldego variety. This plain, located within the villages of Mezzocorona, Mezzolombardo and Grumo San Michele all’Adige, consists of around 450 hectares of vineyards and was originated by the Noce stream on its course towards the Adige river. In ancient times, the Noce would overflood onto the terrains of the plain covering them with water and mud; such flooding phenomenon gradually created a succession of alluvial deposits that got stratified and modelled throughout the course of centuries.
Piana Rotaliana unique soil composition (the terroir) was thus created: the upper layer, where the roots grow, consists of limestone sediments the with large contents of carbonate rocks and other minerals. The lower portion of the profile consists of rounded stones and variously sized gravels. The third layer is groundwater and, more specifically, a deep waterbed where the roots get hydration from.
Additionally, the vertical rock walls that surround and protect the plain significantly influence the accumulation and subsequent dispersion of heat. The winds created by the convergence of two major valleys – Val di Non and Valle dell’Adige – considerably mitigate the temperature and especially air humidity.
Its red colour is attractive, elicits curiosity and captures the eyes. Equally attractive is the palate/nose relationship. Teroldego captivates with its fruity fragrance of wild blackberries in tune with the perfume of blueberries, raspberries and violet, along with hints of mint essence, and with a balsamic hue within its spiced soul.
It offers balance and persuasively elegant cleanliness. Full to the taste, fine as well as powerful, dense, almost fleshy. Pleasantness and concentration are balanced, providing a complex range of flavours, giving this wine has a smooth, round tannic texture, a solid and compact structure and a finish that is entirely satisfying.
Red, charming, vivid, rich in its opulent vinosity, with a purplish colour that evokes the ripe grains of a pomegranate, and garnet hues of silky intensity.In the selections and riservas derived from patient ageing in the bottle, it gives exclusive sensorial allure of earth, black truffle and leather.